Statement of Purpose

  The word “DRIVE” can be defined in various ways and each definition can refer to various actions or of being: “to urge in some direction,” “to compel,” “to direct the movement or course of,” “the progress with a strong momentum,” “an offensive or defensive move,” “ an organized campaign,” “motivation,” “energy,” “The state of exercising one’s will to succeed.”

  These definitions, along with the meaning of each letter of the acronym, exemplify the modus operandi and essence of DRIVE. We seek to unite the Death Row Community to bring about change for everyone caged here. Due to the ever worsening deplorable environment of Texas Death Row we have no choice but to push forward and initiate change in the conditions. Through DRIVE we have organized a group of passionate prisoner activists who have put aside all minor barriers of ethnicity, creed, color and beliefs, to focus on the injustices forced upon us by this system. By means of inner-resistance, organizing, outer petitions drives, protests and direct actions, we will solidify our stance and remain relentless in the fight against oppression! Until Humanitarian conditions are implemented and Freedom and true Justice is achieved, DRIVE will continue to be an uncompromising force in the Struggle!

D.R.I.V.E. Tactics and Strategies

"Human progress is neither automatic nor inevitable. Every step toward the goal of justice requires sacrifice, suffering, and struggle; the tireless exertions and passionate concern of dedicated individuals. Without persistent efforts, time itself becomes an ally of the insurgent and primitive forces of irrational emotionalism and social destruction. This is no time for apathy or complacency. This is a time for vigorous and positive action." Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

The word DRIVE can be defined in various ways and each definition refers to various actions and states of being: "to urge in some direction", "to compel", "to direct the movement of", "to progress with a strong momentum", "an organized campaign", "motivation", "energy", "the state of exercising one's will to succeed". These definitions, along with each letter of the DRIVE acronym exemplify the modus operandi and essence of DRIVE: to be a compelling, energetic, and progressive movement to end the death penalty and all it entails through education and dramatic action. To this end, we of the DRIVE Movement are dedicated to utilizing every non-violent means available to us in a proactive manner to protest both the scheme of Capital Punishment and the inhumane conditions of confinement associated with it.

There are several methods by which we hope to accomplish our goals. We start by attempting to educate as many people as possible - society in the "free world" as well as prison society - through copious amounts of writings and literature we publish and pass around. As the Vanguard, we feel it our responsibility to attempt to awaken both communities to the monster which threatens to destroy us all. With petition drives, letter writing campaigns and resistance inside and outside these prison walls we hope to rally others under our banner to stand with us, presenting a united coalition of compassionate and active people to face down the Death Machine. Beyond education, we take action against the system and establishment, attempting to use legislation on the outside and exhausting all administrative remedies on the inside through such avenues as the grievance system. Knowing this isn't really enough, we advocate using a theatrics of counter terror to accomplish our goals: inner and outer dramatic action, putting our bodies on the line to confront the Machine's forces of terror, control and repression. It's this dramatic action we will now present to you, as our modus operandi and main bulk of our tactics and strategies.

I. Inner Resistance through Dramatic Action.

"...The crucial identifier of adversarial politics... is creativity and drama. The best practitioners of what is often called non-violent direct action confirm this by rendering their actions as dramatic and creative ones (using mime, puppetry, dance, marches, surprise tactics, innovations that capture the imagination, and more). Direct is not the best way to describe this effective and unique action. Hence...the term dramatic, or creative, to highlight the contestational force of the action." Mark Lewis Taylor, The Executed God; The Way of the Cross in Lockdown America

"Non-violent direct action seeks to create a crisis and foster a tension so that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. It seeks so to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored." Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., letter from Birmingham jail 04/16/1963.

Our dramatic action is a synthesis of the aforementioned quotes. It is imaginative; it is unique; it is poetry in action. It is by all means dramatic. It is action that demands attention, forcing people to address conditions perpetuated by their ignorance, failure to act upon knowledge, and suppression or repression of their own humanity. Our dramatic resistance "seeks to create a crisis", opening the dark doors of despair and revealing the light of hope to our fellow prisoners; dismantling the mechanically immoral machinations of this administration, while awakening the anti-death penalty movement from its slumber, and shaking society from its communal suicidal complacency.

A. Demonstrating through Use of Force

"Use of Force: A controlling measure taken during a confrontational situation in an effort to cause an offender to do anything involuntarily. Use of Force is categorized as Minor, Major and Deadly.

Minor: Physical contact with offender by employee to control his movement, to which offender offers no resistance.

Major: A measure of force which is more than minor but less that deadly when:

* an offender physically resists the application of restraints
* chemical agents are discharged
* batons or other instruments are used to make contact with offender to restore order
* offensive or defensive physical contact is made, to include but not limited to one or more physical blows, hard pushes, or defensive holds
* anytime an offender is injured during a Use of Force

Deadly: The intentional discharge of authorized firearms (note: drawing or aiming a firearm at an offender is not considered a deadly use of force)"

- An excerpt from the TDCJ (Texas Department of Criminal Justice) Use of Force Plan.

There are several ways to disrupt the machine, which is one of our main goals in taking this cause of action. The simplest and most common forms of resistance, however, though highly beneficial to our cause, do little to disrupt the over all activities of the administration and establishment. Yet, these actions are an important part of our repertoire because they mire the administration in paperwork, cost them money, serve to agitate and give us a visible presence in the trenches. These "actions" include, but are not limited to the following:

* forcing the administration to constantly enforce rules they normally enforce when it's convenient for them or as one of their psychological warfare tactics
* generally disobeying policy and procedure
* refusing to shave or having an extreme haircut
* covering our walls in painted slogans, banners, posters, pictures or drawings
* covering our cell window or the window of our cell doors to obstruct vision into our cells
* raising our voices (creating excessive noise) while our comrades are holding demonstrations
* whatever else we can think of

While some of these actions are indirect, most are dramatic, in that they are (or can be) creative, inspiring, or surprising. Take a Mohawk hairstyle for example, or painting anti-death penalty slogans on the walls of the dayroom during recreation. Each of these tactics serves to be in direct conflict with the powers that be, in a manner that draws attention, that they do not expect, or that they cannot logically account for. Imagine if we got a mass of prisoners to suddenly refuse to shave. It would throw this system into chaos, as we force them to move the rule breakers on mass to a separate and more confined living area, tying up correctional officers with paperwork for several hours.

We of DRIVE use all the above methods in order to provide steady resistance to the Machine, yet we've found that there is no better way to resist and voice our opposition to our oppressors than direct, bodily confrontation with them behind these walls: holding demonstrations by invoking Use of Force. There are several ways that we can hold our demonstrations - which we try to utilize in a proactive manner:

* (minor) simply refusing to walk back to our cells from medical, visitation, the shower, etc., forcing the staff to restrain and carry us;
* the above can be made major by refusing the application of restraints.
* (major) occupying the outside recreation yard or dayroom causing physical extraction
* (major) occupying visitation booths or shakedown cages causing physical extraction
* (major) occupying the cell door food slot by placing our arms in it and not allowing it to be secured, resulting in being assaulted with chemical riot gas and/or causing physical extraction
* (major) refusing to submit to cell searches, causing use of chemical agents and physical extraction
* (major) refusing to relinquish the food tray, causing use of chemical gas and physical extraction
* (major) refusing to relinquish hand restraints after being placed into our cells causing use of chemical gas and physical extraction
* (major) handcuffing ourselves to cell doors, rec. yard bars, or each other resulting in the handcuffs being cut off and possibly causing use of chemical gas and physical extraction
* any other method we can think of to invoke a use of force in a creative manner

Whether it is a Major Use of Force or a Minor Use of Force, our demonstrations serve several purposes. First of all, we show the Machine's willingness to use and perpetuate itself through violence. When a Use of Force is invoked, a (in most cases) 5-person swat-like extraction team is discharged to the area in contestation, clad in full riot gear: gas masks, football helmets with attached Plexiglas visors, elbow and knee pads, riot shields and various chemical agents (i.e. O.C. and C.S. military grade chemical gas). They first attempt to intimidate the protestor into compliance. When that fails, they assault him with "chemical agents", batter him with the riot shield; then physically subdue him, remove his clothing (normally by cutting them off), place him in hand and leg restraints and "extract" him from the contested area. This assault is video taped, and these tapes are available to the public under Freedom of Information laws. This exposure to the system's use of violence and brutal force is essential for us in mobilizing a larger body of resistance and bringing more people into the movement. It's a crucial way of bringing around a society that has been taught that the powers that be are infallible and virtuous. By putting our bodies on the line, by accepting this violence upon our flesh without a return of violence from us, we are forcing the public to consider and hopefully see through and challenge to establishment's claims of legitimacy.

Secondly, by engaging in our non-violent demonstrations, we try to remove a bit of the fear that our oppressors generate by their theatrics of terror: the marching antics of the extraction team and correctional officers. Standing up to this mass of plastic, muscle and chemical gas - especially engaging them in a creative and theatrical manner, we remove the weight of terror hanging around the necks of our fellows and encourage them to consider acting likewise. We use several methods to counter the Machine's theatrics of terror while conducting our demonstrations (during the Use of Force). Giving speeches or reciting poetry, singing, naked jumping jacks and just generally acting unpredictably. Standing firm through the violence inflicted on us, and making light of it with a bit of drama, comedy or what have you, we instill in our fellows an image above and beyond the system's assault and breakdown a bit of the control our captors hold over us. As we physically confront our oppressors, we absorb the terror they hope to ferment, taking it into our bodies and in turn creating a sort of vaccination against the future acts of violence we know our captors will use in retaliation to our peaceful protesting. This enables us to engage in more determined and better planned demonstrations, with a higher morale and a stronger resolve.

Lastly, our demonstrations generate a staggering amount of man hours, paperwork, and eat up a lot or resources; costing the establishment thousands of dollars. They also serve to create a significant disruption of operations. Personnel have to be pulled from other housing areas within the complex to conduct the use of force, which can last from 15 minutes to several hours. Being as short-staffed as the Texas Dept. of Criminal Justice generally is, this halts all activity on those housing areas. If the demonstration is held outside of the housing area, like the hallway or at visitation, for example, the deception is heightened as all non-security personnel must be removed from the premises prior to the initiation of the Use of Force.

In all, we've found that this dramatic action inside these walls is a valuable tool to combat the forces of the machine. However, the above treatise is by no means definitive. We present it to you as an example. Should our theatrics of countering terror through dramatic action cease to be effective, we will change our tactics so that they are. We will not bow to a system of terror. We will DRIVE over it!

II. Outer Resistance

Our inner resistance is not only a result of our humanity conflicting with Texas' oppressive Death Row conditions (which are a direct result of the death penalty's inherently corrupt nature), we also resist in order to counterbalance the deficiencies (e.g. lack of creativity, solidarity, and determination) in the Anti-Death Penalty Movement here is Texas.
We recognize the only reason the death penalty system persists is because of the peoples’ ignorance of the abhorrent facts about the DP, and their misconception that death row prisoners are the "worst of the worst", vicious animals not entitled to the human right to life, ratified through the U.$. Constitution and seconded by the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Our inner-resistance serves many purposes, two of which are correlative to the fomentation of outer-resistance against this machinery of death: incitation and education. Through non-violent dramatic-resistance, we incite the sadistic nature of this administration whose inclination is to respond to our protest with violent repression, further violating their own policy and our civil rights. Their violent repressions are inflicted through and under the guise of "Use of Force", executed by their swat team to re-establish "safety and security" in their establishment. A camera person video tapes these Use of Forces (UOF), through which we are able to document and juxtapose our humanity against their retaliations.

Though these videos are available to the public through the Open Records Act, this administration has prevented people from having access to these videos. If the people viewed these Use of Force tapes, what they'll find will not only shock their conscience, inciting them to take action against these atrocities against humanity, but will educate them of this administration's machinations.

Furthermore, power only concedes to power; and for a long time prisoners thought the only power they wielded was through collective violence, reflecting what they've been subjected to for so long out of despair. Our non-violent dramatic resistance offers a productive alternative to this vicious cycle of violence. However, just as this collective violence is usually repressed through swat teams and prisoner deaths, how much easier will it be for the system (TDC) to suppress out non-violent movement within the silence of these walls of death? Our "power" must stem from a consolidated inner/outer-resistance, which will eventually DRIVE through oppressive systems of thought, and ultimately the oppressive death penalty system.

A. Action Committee

Our family, friends and supporters have consolidated into an action committee for the DRIVE Movement. Their primary focus is to promote the process of incitation, education, organization, and mobilization through DRIVE's website which function as a base for specific operations, such as:

* exposing inner-comrades protest
* disseminating death penalty info
* press releases circulate to various media contacts
* letter/petition drives
* organize & mobilize fomenter groups of dramatic actors
* and forum initiation

DRIVE's action committee also acts as a liaison in our endeavor to establish alliances with Anti-Death Penalty organizations, Civil Rights organizations, and state officials. Yet as vital as these endeavors are for the necessary broader based dismantling of this threat to our humanity, garnering support for a more extensive outer-resistance campaign equally based on dramatic action is also vital if we are to DRIVE our movement unto its conclusion.

B. Outer-Resistance Based on Dramatic Action

Napoleon Beasley was a Texas Death Row prisoner with massive overseas support. Upon the day of his state-sanctioned murder, virtually all of Switzerland rallied to get Texas Governor Rick Perry to commute the juveniles’ sentence to life in prison. Rick Perry's response to this outcry was that Napoleon's supporters had no say in Texas matters since they weren't Texans and he added that it would have been a different story if the outcry were by Texan citizens. 

Though one of the state's main reasons to justify these retaliatory murders is the so-called "unremorsefullness" of the death row prisoners, despite Napoleon's constant show of remorse, Rick Perry refused to commute his sentence to life and Napoleon Beasley was murdered by the state.... This clearly demonstrates the necessity of organizing and mobilizing fomenter groups of dramatic resisters here in the state of the Killing Machine.

Dramatic Rides

Several vans and cars must be designated for their carpool system. Armed with anti-death penalty propaganda/literature (pamphlets, flyers, leaflets, etc.), banners, posters, wearing shirts with slogans or the DRIVE logo, etc, - a fomenter group of dramatic resisters DRIVE to a mall. They find one long crowded strip, unoccupied by a security guard, leading toward the parking lot, and walk toward the enter/exit glass doors protesting and passing out anti-death penalty literature to mall goers. Then they carpool to another crowded spot. Next time it might be a supermarket, downtown carnival, festival or theme park.

These are tactics that are rarely seen that are designed to awaken the people to the Death Penalty crisis. It forces them to look at an issue they've either tried to ignore or are ignorant of. Since the media won't give our movement the necessary exposure statewide or nationally, we MUST expose our cause ourselves. As one comrade said, "If the media won't come to us let's go to them!" Let's take our dramatic action to the doorsteps of television and radio stations!

Dramatic mock executions are probably our most powerful form of protest. It brings the horrid details of executions to public light, from whom the state would much rather it be hidden. A gallows, from which a dummy hangs, and a gurney (together symbolizing the death penalties "humane" evolutionary attempts) should be built or bought, then strapped or bolted to a flat bed trailer adorned with anti-death penalty slogans. Dramatic resisters then DRIVE from spot to spot protesting with bullhorns, passing out literature (always) and carrying out dramatic mock executions.

Somebody in prison garb is escorted to a gurney with 2 acting prison guards. The acting victim's family stands to one side jeering or simply standing in dark silence with angry faces, while the acting prisoner’s family wails. The acting prisoner is strapped to the gurney and tubes are taped to his or her upper forearms. As the imaginative lethal injection takes effect, the acting prisoner falls asleep chewing on the small plastic bag full of Alka Seltzer they had concealed in their mouth. Suddenly their body goes into convulsions and they foam at the mouth before they are finally executed!

Other forms of dramatic action that can be utilized are:

* strategically spontaneous spoken word sessions with Anti- DP poetry
* strategically spontaneous Anti-DP rap, singing or musical performances
* mock executions in front of the homes of the Texas Board of Criminal Justice legislators, even the Death Row Warden.
* boycotting companies associated with the DP or people who have influence over death row conditions
* strategically placed sit-ins, rallies and demonstrations
* demonstrating in front of the ACA building & Supreme Court steps

Many of these forms of dramatic action will lead to tickets, or even jail time. These, and the necessity of paying for other forms of exposure, are a few reasons why fundraising is fundamental to the success of the movement.

III. Fundraising

Though items such as DRIVE shirts and sweatshirts are being sold, other forms of fundraising must also be sought aggressively to carry out a more powerful inner/outer campaign.

We must be able to:
* secure legal representation for our outer comrades who are ticketed or jailed for dramatic resistance
* cover costs for radio and television anti-dp commercials
* secure legal representation for a civil suit against death row conditions
* pay for website maintenance and literature distribution
* and to generally promote the progression of the movement

Groups organized in different cities, states, and countries dedicated to the movement can simply raffle off prizes (e.g. big screen TV's, video game consoles, laptop computers, etc.) in periodical fundraisers and funnel monies raised to the movement.

Other fundraisers such as Bar-B-Q parties, bake sales, concerts, etc.

NOTE: Until we accumulate enough funds to secure legal representation for our outer comrades protesting, we are calling to all attorneys, sympathetic to our cause or passionate about the abolishment of the death penalty, to contact our movement and express their willingness to sacrifice some time and resources to represent (or perhaps several) dramatic protester(s) pro bono. Whether you are an attorney or know attorneys, our movement is in dire need of this solidarity.


Ask yourselves these questions:

* Do you believe that "Civilization and violence are anti-thetical concepts"? That "Through violence you may murder a murderer, but you can't murder murder"?

* Do you believe that the death penalty is so inherently corrupt that anything associated with it is inherently corrupt (e.g. death row conditions), since they must function through the same corrupted flow?

* Do you want abolition?

* Do you believe we deserve as humane living conditions as possible until abolition is realized?

* Should Anti-DP people's tax dollars go to assisting the state-sanctioned murder of their loved ones?

We have to have an open mind. In the word of Uda Edwards, "One person can do everything, but if everyone does something, everything will get done." Our liberation from this atrocious death penalty and its deleterious effects on society will only come by our own hands; and until we bare this burden utterly, carrying this torch, we will be siding our own destruction, dying in a self-created darkness.

There is a position for EVERYONE to play in this movement no matter education, occupation, ethnicity, etc. WE NEED YOU! Are you willing to aid in carrying this torch, seeing this movement through this dark but beautiful tunnel of struggle, and into its conclusion, its answer, the light? Give yourself to the service of humanity. Contact DRIVE today!


I. Preamble
  In order to be fully understood by this Administration, our advocates and the public at large, we, this Consolidated Coalition, have formulated an extensive list of the biased and oppressed rules, regulations and behaviors that are being inflicted upon us. It is our position that this regime is not only abusive, but ludicrous, irrational and inhumane. We take a firm and united stance against this injustice. Due to the fact that we have been accused of not properly voicing and documenting these issues we have taken the time to meticulously outline these ill-treatments. The following list will be broken down into 2 points:
1) Our current conditions and ailments which will be cited as: STATUS
2) The reformed process that we are seeking which will be cited as: REQUEST
  It is our goal to make this list known to every inmate on Texas’ Death Row, all TDCJ officials, media, politicians and the public at large. We are resolute on applying the “D*R*I*V*E tactics and strategies until substantial change comes.
  The purpose of this Vanguard Movement is to raise the consciousness and conditions of our surrounding environment through correct methods of resistance and awareness. We close, and stand on the word of Gandhi:
“You must be the change that you wish to see in the world.”

II. Issues

1) Food Services
STATUS: Since being moved here from Ellis 1 Unit the food service has become nothing less than deplorable. We’re served extremely small and malnourished meals–many times inedible. Kitchen officers are not properly over-seeing food preparation and cleanliness.
REQUEST: That proper food preparation be implemented and that nutritional and edible food plan be devised by the food Service Administration. Once done–this menu be followed.

2) Medical Treatment:
STATUS: The medical treatment is outright harmful on this unit. Inmates that suffer from allergies, strokes and other ailments are unbelievably given aspirin and ibuprofen. The medical staff acts with indifference and cruelty because of the status of death row. Men have died in their cells from strokes and heart attacks. There have been cases of inmate’s appendix bursting and it was brushed off without treatment. Regardless of one’s death row status humane medical treatment should be given.
REQUEST: Proper medical treatments be given equally and immediately.

3) Hygiene Necessities:
STATUS: With the sheet exchange that happens once a week, Death Row inmates are suppose to receive soap, a razor, cleaning powder, tooth paste and one miniature toothbrush. (The toothbrush is only distributed every 90 days). However, on a consistent basis this Unit is out of one item or another. They are never replaced later in the week. Also, these soaps are miniature bars. It takes at least 3 of these bars to bathe with. Not all inmates have money to buy commissary bars, so they depend on the State. 5 of these soap bars will not last over 3 days (let alone a week).
New toothbrushes are rarely passed. Death Row inmates are subjected to these conditions weekly.
REQUEST: Hygiene supplies be passed out weekly, toothbrushes in their 90 day schedule, and all Death Row inmates should receive between 10-15 bits of soap.

4) Laundry Necessities
STATUS: Every week our necessity items (bed linens, towels, socks and boxers) are handed out in filthy state (dirty, stained with blood and feces). Even some officers refuse to hand these items out. However, in times of shortage they have no choice. Sometimes we have to go without items due to the shortage, and ranking officers do not see to it that these items are later distributed. This is exposing Death Row inmates to health risks.
REQUEST: All laundry should be thoroughly washed with bleach and detergent, and on days of shortage necessities should be handed out as soon as extras can be attained.

5) Overly Oppressive Punishment:
STATUS: This is a wide ranging topic. Oppressive punishment is carried out in many ways: inmates being slammed while handcuffed, inmates being excessively gassed or peppered sprayed (all of which can lead to permanent injury or death); and the feeding of food loaves (a grotesque mesh of several foods baked into one brick). These tactics are randomly applied to Death Row inmates.
REQUEST: these treacherous behaviors should immediately stop and officers who take part in and/or order these attacks should be immediately fired and face criminal charges.

6) Contact Visits:
STATUS: All across the U.S. many Death Rows have contact visits. It’s reasonable to deduct that contact visits could be implemented to maintain good behavior. While TDCJ seeks to punish Death Row inmates–due to their cases–by keeping them away from their loved ones, keep in mind the numerous innocent Death Row inmates that have been released and countless others released to general population (where there are contact visits), thus, contact visits should be universally implemented for all offenders.
REQUEST: Contact visits be implemented.

7) Religious Services:
STATUS: Under various Federal and State Laws prisoners have the right to freely practice their religion regardless of what that religion may be–as long as it is not a threat to security. At Ellis 1 Unit, inmates were allowed to attend church services. That process is not being allowed here. The administration only allows certain ministers to walk to inmate’s cells and speak to them. On an even more Unjust level Muslims are being denied their right to visit with Imams. Since Death Row inmates have been here that has been denied. Muslims have a right to Imams as well. Religious items have also fell to restriction. The right to religious services and worship has been Unconstitutionally denied to Death Row inmates.
REQUEST: Religious services be equally initiated for Death Row inmates.

8) Religious Visits:
STATUS: Death Row inmates are suppose to be allowed one 2-hour minister visit per week. Recently these visits have came under attack by this administration under the reasons of “don’t have the room.” This is a false statement as the Death Row visiting room have adequate space. These minister visits are being denied due to the constant uplifting support being given through these visits.
REQUEST: The unwarranted denial of minister visits be immediately ceased.

9) Psychological Services:
STATUS: Inmates on Death Row with psychological problems are treated atrociously by staff members and the psych. Department treats them with indifference. There is no counseling and only those with the absolutely most severe problems are given medication. However, many of the most needed medications aren’t available. Also, inmates with mental disorders are routinely dropped to Level 2 or 3 and subjected to various disciplinary restrictions and harassment by guards. There are men in here who don’t even know where they are, others have lost the ability to speak, and others scream and yell constantly. There is no way someone who is schizophrenic can follow all of the various rules and policies.
REQUEST: That a meaningful mental health program be implemented and those with psychological problems be given treatment not punishment.

10) Visitation List:
STATUS: Prior to arriving on this Unit Death Row prisoners (due to their circumstances) were allowed to change their visitation list as needed: Due to execution dates being set, fluxuation of appeals and other circumstances. After the 1998 escape from Ellis Unit this was eradicated and Death Row prisoners were forced to change their list once every 6 months. It’s known that Death Row prisoners receive much of their support from over-seas and traveling schedules can be sporadic. No compromises are given by the administration when Death Row prisoners face these unique circumstances. Also, men receiving execution dates, who may not be able to change their list for months, are being forced to abide by this oppressive rules.
REQUEST: That prisoners be allowed to change their list once every 2 months and/or be allowed 15 people in their list and 2): That prisoners with execution dates be allowed immediate access to change their list and adjustments throughout their impending execution.

11) Special Visits:
STATUS: For people traveling over 300 miles they are allowed to get two 4-hour visits on back-to-back days (as opposed to one 2-hour visit.) Inmates on Levels 2 and 3 are denied those visits. We deem this as extreme punishment. It will be said that special visits are not a right or a need, but it is a privilege. We disagree. For many Death Row inmates the only family, friends and supporters they have are over-seas. Many of these people help with Death Row prisoner’s cases and legal work. Therefore, this is not a desire, but an urgent need. Furthermore, it’s an over-bearing punishment for inmates on Level 2.
REQUEST: Special visits be allowed to Leveled inmates.

12) Work Program:
STATUS: On the Ellis 1 Unit Death row prisoners participated in a work program. Due to the 1998 escape it was “temporarily suspended” and has remained so for over 5 years now. Reasons of security were cited, but we are now housed in an extremely secure building. Thousands of dollars have been used to secure the inside and outside. We now have to depend on general population inmates to clean our building and man the difference tasks originally designed for Death Row inmates (food service, maintenance, barber, laundry, etc.) Nevertheless, the environment has become extremely unsanitary. The day rooms and recreation yards are filthy. The same with the showers. Due to this, fungus, scabbies, rashes, and even Hepatitis C is being passed on. Because these inmates do not live back here they don’t make diligent efforts to sanitize our living area. Due to these deplorable conditions Death Row inmates should be given the opportunity to maintain their own conditions. Also, the women’s Death Row work program is still active and inmates with Capital Life sentences are allowed various jobs.
REQUEST: Reactivate the Work Capable Program

13) Group Recreation:
Status: While being houses at Ellis 1 Unit, prisoners recreated in groups of 10-15. As punishment, group recreation was suspended due to the 1998 escape. At this Unit we recreate for 1 hour a day, by ourselves, in medium-sized cages where we have access to only a table, pull-up bar, and basketball rim (outside). No recreational games are allowed. The environment is torturous and designed to oppress the human mind, body, and spirit. History shows that in recreation groups prisoners were less aggressive and there were minimal problems. This administration also complains of being short-staffed, yet they continue to try and recreate 400 inmates one by one in a 24 hour period. They have inflicted their one burdens upon themselves. If other Death Rows, the women’s Death Row and prisoners with Capital Life sentences can be allowed group recreation, then we should as well.
REQUEST: A group recreation of 2-4 prisoners in a day room (and outside yard) be implemented at 2 hours for each inmate daily.

14) Law Library Access:
STATUS: We are not allowed direct access to the Law Library, instead a Law Library officer brings books to the cells and picks them back up in 24 hours. This is a rule that went into effect approximately 2 years ago. Before then, Death Row inmates were allowed to keep Law Library books for 72 hours. This 24-hour rule is directly preventing us from our lawful right of access to the courts and our right to participate in our appeals process.
REQUEST: That we be allowed to keep Law Library books for 72 hours and adequate materials be made available.

15) Maintenance:
STATUS: There is no current consistency in the way maintenance is carried out. The result is Death Row inmates being subjected to live in defunct cages. Examples of the problems are: inmates being forced to go for days with no lights; backed up sinks; and due to faulty construction many of these cells leak from the window seals, back walls and floors which lead to flooding then mould and mildew. Many of these cells also become infested. The administration ignores these foul living conditions and refuses to make cell moves because they don’t consider these issues “life threatening.” These conditions are exposing inmate to the outside elements and sickness.
REQUEST: Cells with the above mentioned problems be immediately repaired or the inmate immediately moved to a suitable cell.

16) Property Boxes:
STATUS: Property rules have become more and more restrictive by the year. Death Row inmates are now forced to fit their property (excluding electrical appliances and legal work) in a 1 foot by 2 foot box. This is extremely hostile towards Death Row inmates who are, for many, at the last stages of their life and consistently receive mail and books. Also, Death Row inmates constantly are fighting their cases, thus receiving legal supplies and paperwork for their campaigns. It’s unreasonable for us to have to fit all our property in this extremely small box. At the same time, the storage areas in the cells are more spacious than the box.
REQUEST: If Death Row inmates can fit their property in the storage compartments in the cells, then that should be acceptable, or 2 boxes should be allowed (one for personal items and the other for books and supplies).

17) Commissary:
STATUS: The commissary for death row is consistently understocked rendering us unable to purchase items for daily usage (typing supplies, food and clothing items). The food items we are sold are of poor quality and there is a small variety (compared to other units). Death Row also used to be able to go to commissary once a week but scheduling is in complete disarray and spends may not take place from 7-12 days at a time. These tactics are being applied to undermine the well being of Death Row inmates.
REQUEST: That commissary be stocked, and with useful items, plus ran on the normal weekly basis.

18) Mail:
STATUS: By Federal Law, when mail arrives to the Unit, the mail personnel has exactly 48 hours to deliver inmate’s mail. However, when mail arrives to the Unit, mail room personnel often sits on it for days and weeks. Local mail from here in Livingston Texas arrives to the Unit the same day or the next day after it has been mailed. Mail room personnel often takes 5-7 days to deliver that mail to an inmate “after” it has arrived on the Unit. Mail has also taken from 15-30 days to be delivered to an inmate arriving on the unit. This is atrocious–and a violation of Federal Law. It is also an endangerment to a Death Row inmate’s life and legal pursuits as some Death Row inmates campaign their cases trying to raise funds for adequate legal defense and legal investigation to prove their innocence and wrongful conviction. Public forums and fund raisers are organized where vital formation is needed from the inmate. By mail being delivered so late it can impede on one’s legal pursuits and endeavors which can cost him his life on appeal. This should not be happening. The grave reality is happening.
REQUEST: 1) That Federal Law and Policy be abided by mail room personnel on Polunsky Unit and that mail be delivered in a timely manner. 2) That mail room personnel be fired and charged with the Federal violation for not delivering the mail on time which can have grave legal affects on Death Row inmates who can only correspond through mail to pursue their legal endeavors.

19) Limitations on Stamps:
STATUS: Death row inmates used to be able to purchase 50 stamps every spend (which varied from once twice every 2 weeks). That policy was dropped down to 30stamps every spend for no justifiable reason. This restrictive and pointless policy is keeping us from pursuing our right to adequately write letters and specifically handle legal work which may take several stamps for large packages (double the rates if going over-seas).
REQUEST: That the old policy be reinstated where we can purchase 50 stamps a spend.

20) Legal/Corresponding Supplies:
STATUS: Previously, Death Row inmates were allowed to receive various legal and correspondence supplies from outside vendors (including pens, pencils, typing ribbons, legal folders, small stapler, staples and tape, etc). We are now restricted to only paper, envelopes and writing tablets. The only purpose of this is to force us to fund the prison commissary, which sells items at inflated prices.
REQUEST: That all Death Row inmates be allowed to receive items that were previously approved.

21) Telephone calls:
STATUS: Currently, Death Row inmates are allowed one 5-minute phone call every 3 months. However, these calls usually aren’t granted until several months after the request is made. It is usually said that they are short of staff, but if desired by this administration they could easily find the time on weekends to run these calls. They simply don’t desire to. Also, 5 minutes are totally inadequate to speak to one’s family. Telephone calls restriction is placed upon Level 2 and 3 inmates as well.
REQUEST: Phone calls be extended to 10 minutes and promptly granted at a 3 month period and phone calls be extended to Level 2 and 3 offenders once their phone call time period has come.

22) Grooming Rules:
STATUS: Inmates on Texas’ Death Row, as well as system wide, are required to remain clean shaven at all times, otherwise they will be subjected to disciplinary action. This rule has no other purpose than to strip a person of their individuality and is used as a tool of provocation. The Supreme Court recently ruled that inmates can wear their hair and facial hair in any style they want for religious purposes as long as it is not a threat to security of the institution (in some prisons religion is not even a requirement). However, because of lack of complaints TDCJ is still enforcing their grooming policy.
REQUEST: That the said policy be immediately voided.

23) Televisions:
STATUS: Since death row has been housed at this unit we have been denied access to televisions. The reason for this is an extended means of punishment because of the 1998 escape from Ellis 1 Unit. All of the reasons stated to refuse us televisions are unsubstantiated. Security reasons are nullified through clear televisions that are sold. They can be monitored this way (making sure the insides are not being tampered with). Financial burdens on TDCJ are nullified because if TDCJ would sell televisions from commissary they would make, not lose money. Our status on Death Row is seen as extreme offenders is nullified because there are prisoners in general population with just as extreme cases (some serving Capital Life sentences) who have access to television. Also, the women’s Death Row has televisions. Death Row is Death Row. Inmates on Death Row are not literally “Seg” prisoners. “Seg” status is generally implemented upon prisoners who are undergoing disciplinary. Once they’ve served their disciplinary time they are placed back into general population. The majority of Death Row offenders are Level 1. They’ve violated no rules. We are only “seg” by housing environment. In close, every other Death Row in the U.S.A. has televisions. This arbitrary treatment of Texas Death Row prisoners is being implemented as punishment.
REQUEST: Televisions be sold by the Unit commissary.

24) Art Supplies:
STATUS: Before coming to this Unit Death Row prisoners were allowed to purchase art supplies from supply stores. Only after the 1998 escape at Ellis Unit did TDCJ begin taking away these items from Death Row prisoners. This is a means of punishment due to the escape even though no investigation showed that art supplies were a factor in that escape. Death Row has been singled out unfairly because general population and the women’s Death Row remains with access to art supplies. With proper distribution and monitoring art supplies can be allowed to Death Row prisoners so that they may constructively utilize the 23 hours in their cells. For inmates that do abuse their art supplies access, their disciplinary action should be handled individually, not collectively.
REQUEST: That the art supplies ordering process and all items we were previously allowed to order be reinstated.

  Anti-Death Penalty Groups (U.S.A.)

1) Texas Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty (TCADP)
602 West 7th St. Suite 202
Austin, Texas78701
Phone: 512-441-1808

2) TCADP Houston Affiliate:
Houston Peace and Justice Center
P.O. Box 66234
Houston, Texas 77266

3) Texas Death Penalty Movement (TDPM)
P.O. Box 595
Houston, Texas 77001
Phone: 713-521-0629

4) Campaign to End the Death Penalty (CEDP)
1618-A West 11th Street
Austin, Texas 78703

5) CEDP (Head Office) attn: Marlene Martin
P. O. Box 25730
Chicago, Illinois 60625
[email protected]

Crystal Bybee
464 44th Street #4
Oakland, California 94609

7) The Lamp of Hope Project
P.O. Box 305
League City, Texas 77574
[email protected]

8) Coalition for Truth and Justice (CFTJ)
Bonnie Caraway
P.O. Box 545
Hardin, Texas 77561
[email protected]

9) Community of St. Egidio
560 Riverside Drive
Apt. 13P
New York, New York 10027

10) Scott Cobo
Texas Moratorium Network (TMN)
602 West 7th Street
Austin, Texas 78701

11) Abe Bonowitz, Director
Citizens United Against the Death Penalty (CUADP)
PMB 335
2603 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Highway
Gainesville, Florida 32609

12) National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty (NCADP)
918 F. Street N.W. Suite 601
Washington, DC 20004

13) Hope Death Penalty Support
P.O. Box 3125
Arlington, Virginia 22203

14) Death Penalty Focus
870 Market #859
San Francisco, California 94102

  Anti-Death Penalty Groups (Over-seas)

Postfach 1326
46363 Bocholt
[email protected]

2) Paul Rougeau Committee (PRC)
Viale Pubblicio Passeggio 46
29100 Piacenza

3) Coalition for Truth and Justice (CFTJ)
Myriam Stubbs
rue Raymond Lebleux 59
B-1428 Lillois
[email protected]

4) Struggle for Justice (SFJ)
Colette Berthes
216 Chemin de Figarol
82170 Pompigran

5) Canada Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty (CCADP)
80 Lillington Ave.
Toronto Ontario
MIN-3K7 Canada
[email protected]

6) Community of Sant’Egidio
Comunita di Sant’Egidio
Piazza S. Egidio 3/9
00153 Roma
[email protected]

7) Gemeinschaft Sant’Egidio
Schonthalstrasse 6
D-97070 Wurzburg

8) Comunidad de Sant’Egidio
Humberto 1, 389
1065 Capital Federal
Szent Egyed Kozosseg
Kultura es Segelyegylet
1055 Budapest
Falk Miksa u. 28

9) Sint-Egidiusgemeenshap
Kammenstraat 51
2000 Antwerpen

10) Comunidad Sant’Egidio
Plaza Pedro, 1 Baixos
08001 Barcelona

11) Spolocenstuvi Sant’Egidio
Milady Horakove 13
17000 Praha
Czech Republic

12) comunidad de Sant’Egidio
1 Calle Poniente 3516
San Salvador

13) Who is Who on Death Row
Petra Hadrich-Kabacali
Kedenburgstar 29
D-22041 Hamburg
[email protected]

  Non-Death Penalty Affiliate Activist Groups

1) Org. for Black Unity
646 Holmgreen
San Antonio, Texas 78220
[email protected]

2) Human Rights Coalition
1213 Race St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107

3) The Jericho Movement
P.O. box 340084
Jamaica, New York 11434
[email protected]

4) Cry For Justice
P.O. Box 2525
New Bloomfield, Mo. 65063

1515 Cherry St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19102

6) People Against Injustice Nationwide
RD #1, Box 723
Alexandria, Pa. 16611

7) Southern Center for Human Rights
83 Poplar St. NW
Atlanta, Ga. 30303

  Contact Information

1) Polunsky Unit
3872 FM 350 South
Livingston, Texas 77351
936-967-8082 (ask for Warden’s office)
Warden Massey. Assistant Warden Hirch

(ask for Mail Room, Supervisor for postal problems) or lacking success-call
936-295-6371, TDCJ’s main number and ask for Suzie Chiles
MSCP, Mail System Coordinators Panel)

(Medical problems-Ext.353-they must have signed release by prisoner to give information)

2) Health Services Liaison
JoAnn Wood, RN.
3009A Hwy. 30 West
Huntsville, Texas 77340
P: 936-437-3589
F: 936-437-3599

3) Trust Fund 936-437-4751

4) Doug Dretke, Director
Correctional Institutions Division
P. O. Box 99, Huntsville, Texas 77342-0099
(936) 295-6371

5) Kathy Cleere, Ombudsman Coordinator
P.O. Box 99, Huntsville Texas 77342-0099
(936) 437-8035
Fax: (936) 295-8712

6) Debbie Liles, Director
Office of Administrative Review
P.O. Box 99
Huntsville, Texas 77320
(936) 437-8034
Fax: (936) 295-8712

7) Keith Clendennen
Administrator for Offender Grievances
P.O. Box 99
Huntsville, Texas 77320

8) John Moriarty, Director
Office of the Inspector General (this office answers only to the Texas Board of Criminal Justice)
P.O. Box 4003
Huntsville, Texas 77342-4003
(936) 437-6714
Fax: (936) 437-8715

9) Melinda Bozarth
TDCJ, General Counsel
P.O. Box 13084
Capital Station
Austin, Texas 78711
(512) 463-9693
Fax: (512) 936-2159
Texas Board of Criminal Justice Members:

1) Christina Melton Crain, Chairman
Texas Board of Criminal Justice
5521 Greenville Avenue, Suite 104-944
Dallas, Texas 75206

2) Greg Coleman, Member
Texas Board of Criminal Justice
8911 Capital of Texas Hwy. Ste. 4140
Austin, Texas78759

3) Oliver J. Bell, Member
13729 Research Blvd., Suite 610-160
Austin, Texas 78750

4) Reverend Charles Lewis Jackson, Member
Texas Board of Criminal Justice
PO Box 15256
Houston, Texas 77220-5256

5) Adrian A. Arriaga, Member
Texas Board of Criminal Justice
801 Nolana, Suite 315
McAllen, Texas 78504

6) Leopoldo Vasquez II, Member
Texas Board of Criminal Justice
PO Box 13084
Austin, Texas 78711

7) Patricia A. Day, Member
Texas Board of Criminal Justice
P.O. Box 670886
Dallas, Texas 75367-0886

8) Pierce Miller, Member
Texas Board of Criminal Justice
P.O. Box 3832
San Angelo, Texas 76902

9) Tom Mechler, Member
Texas Board of Criminal Justice
Rr 1
Claude, Texas 79019-9801

10) Texas Board of Criminal Justice
Susan McHenry, Administrative Ass’t.
P.O. Box 13084
Austin, Texas 78711

11) Laundry and Food Services
Tony D’Cunha
P.O. Box 99
Huntsville, Texas 77342-0099
P: 936-437-4852
F: 936-437-4895

  House Committees:
  Capital Address: P.O. Box 2910
  Austin, Texas 78711


1) Jerry Madden, Chair
520 East Central Parkway
Suite 236
Plano, Texas 75074

2) Delwin Jones, Vice Chair
5609-A Villa Drive
Lubbock, Texas 79412
(806) 763-4468

3) Ray Allen
801 West Fwy, Suite 280
Grand Prairie, Texas 75051
(972) 264-4231
Fax: (972) 264-2391

4) Pat Haggerty
4855 N. Mesa St. # 102A
El Paso, Texas 79912
(915) 532-1391

5) Scott Hochberg
7011 Harwin, Suite 230
Houston, Texas 77036
(832) 252-7336

6) Jim mcreynolds
203 South First, Suite A
Lufkin, Texas 75904
(936) 634-9786
  Criminal Jurisprudence

1) Terry Keel, Chair
P.O. Box 2910
Austin, Texas 78768
(512) 463-0652

2) Debbie Riddle
3648 F. M. 1960 West
Suite 106
Houston, Texas 77068
(281) 537-5252
(281) 537-8821 (fax)

3) Terri Hodge
1454 35th Street
Austin, Texas 78745
(512) 895-4758

4) Mary Denny
1001 Cross Timbers Rd. # 1245
Flower Mound, Texas 75028
(972) 724-8477
(972) 691-3340 (fax)

5) Paul Moreno
2314 Montana
El Paso, Texas 79903
(915) 544-0789

6) Aaron Pena
1108 South Closner
Edinburg, Texas 78539
(956) 383-7444
(956) 383-7379 (fax)

7) Juan Escobar
635 E. King Street, Room 109
Kingsville, Texas 78363
(361) 592-6120

8) Richard Raymond
1110 Houston St. Third Floor
Laredo, Texas 78040
(956) 753-7722

9) Elvira Reyna
18601 LBJ, #700
Mesquite, Texas 75150
(972) 279-7030

  Senate Committees
  P. O. Box 12068
  Austin, Texas 78711

Criminal Justice

1) John Whitmore, Chair
803 Yale Street
Houston, Texas 77007
(713) 864-8701

2) Kel Seliger, Vice Chair
P.O. Box 8155
Amarillo, Texas 79105
(806) 374-8994

3) John Carona,
8080 N. Central Expy, Suite 1440, LB 44
Dallas, Texas 75206
(214) 378-5751

4) Rodney Ellis
440 Louisiana, Suite 575
Houston, Texas 77002
(713) 236-0306

5) Juan Hinojosa
612 Nolana, Suite 410B
McAllen, Texas 78504
(956) 972-1841

6) Steve Ogden
7607 East Mark Dr., Ste. 241
College Station, Texas 77840
(979) 694-2609
7) Tommy Williams
P. O. Box 8069
The Woodlands, Texas 77387
(281) 364-9426


1) Jeff Wentworth, Chair
1250 N.E. Loop 410, Suite 720
San Antonio, Texas 78209
District Phone: (210) 826-7800

2) Marlo Gallegos, Jr. Vice Chair
P.O. Box 41
Galena Park, Texas 77547
(713) 678-8600

3) Kipp Averitt
River Square Center, 215 Mary, Suite 303
Waco, Texas 76701
(252) 772-6225

4) Robert Duncan
1500 Broadway, Suite 902
Lubbock, Texas 79401
(806) 762-1122

5) Chris Harris
4108 Amon Carter Blvd., Ste 210
Fort Worth, Texas 76155
(817) 318-0253

6) Juan Hinojosa
612 Nolana, Suite 410B
McAllen, Texas 78504
(956) 972-1841

7) Royce West
5787 S. Hampton Rd. Suite 385
Dallas, Texas 75232
(214) 467-0123

  Governor Rick Perry
  Office of the Governor
  P.O. Box 12428
  Austin, Texas 78711-2428
  (512) 463-2000
  Fax: 512-45301849
  Texas Toll Free:
  (800) 252-9600

  House Committee Functions

1) The incarceration and rehabilitation of convicted felons;
2) The establishment and maintenance of programs that provide alternatives to incarceration;
3) The commitment and rehabilitation of youths;
4) The construction, operation, and management of correctional facilities of the state and facilities used for the commitment and rehabilitation of youths; and
5) The following state agencies: The Texas Department of Criminal Justice, The Board of Pardons and Paroles, The Texas Youth Commission, The Council on Sex Offender Treatment, The Texas Council on Offenders with Mental Impairments, The Private Sector Prison Industries Oversight Authority, and The Criminal Justice Policy Council.

Criminal Jurisprudence
1) Criminal law, prohibitions, standards, and penalties;
2) Criminal and parole;
3) Criminal procedure in the courts of Texas;
4) Revision or amendment of the Penal Code; and
5) The following state agencies: The Office of State Prosecuting Attorney and the Texas State Council for Interstate Adult Offender Supervision.

No information given on the purpose of Senate Committees.

1 year troyd

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